Typically, diseases of the thyroid are treated medically. Cases of hyperthyroidism are often treated with hormone pills to regulate the necessary hormonal levels of the patient. Occasionally, this necessitates the removal of the thyroid gland in order to avoid any further complications. In cases where a lump is found, the physician has several options available to him. If a needle aspiration shows the lump to be suspicious or malignant, then it will be removed surgically. If a lump is found to be benign, then suppression therapy may be administered, in which the lump is treated with hormones until it shrinks back to normal size over a period of three to six months.
In cases where thyroid surgery is necessary, the operation is done in a hospital under general anesthesia. Most frequently, this operation involves the removal of one of the lobes of the thyroid gland. Reputable surgical centers for thyroid surgery can be found in both New York and New Jersey.