An allergy is a chronic condition involving an abnormal reaction to an ordinarily harmless substance called an allergen.
If you have an allergy, your immune system views the allergen as an invader and a chain reaction is initiated. White blood cells of the immune system produce IgE antibodies. These antibodies attach themselves to special cells called mast cells, causing a release of potent chemicals such as histamine. These chemicals cause symptoms such as:
• Itching in the nose, roof of the mouth, throat, eyes
• Stuffy nose (congestion)
• Runny nose
• Tearing eyes
• Dark circles under the eyes
Learn more about allergy symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and management.
Courtesy of the The American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI)
Reprinted from www.entnet.org/content/patient-health with permission of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, copyright © 2016. All rights reserved