Otitis media means inflammation of the middle ear. Inflammation Occurs as a result of infection. It can happen in one or Both ears. In children, otitis media is the Most common reason for physician visits. It is Also the Most common cause of hearing loss in children.
DESPITE being more common in young children, Also Affects adults occasionally. It Occurs more faq frequently in winter and early spring months.
Yes, it's serious, intense pain and hearing loss That May occur. Hearing loss, Especially in children, May impair learning capacity and even delay speech development. However, if early and Treated Effectively, hearing can be fully restored.
Also serious otitis media is the infection can spread Because to the surrounding structures of the head, Especially the mastoid (the bone That forms part of the ear). THEREFORE, it is very important to Recognize the symptoms (see list below) of otitis media and to get immediate attention from your doctor.
The outer ear picks up the sound. The middle ear is a cavity the size of a pea, separated from the outer ear by a thin membrane as paper, eardrum. States to the eardrum are three tiny bones. When sound waves strike the eardrum, it vibrates and sets in motion the chain of tiny bones transmit That sound to the inner ear. The inner ear converts vibrations to electrical signals and sends them to the brain. The inner ear Also Helps to Maintain the balance of the person.
Air pressure healthy middle ear pressure equals the external ambient air, thereby Allowing free vibration. Air Enters the middle ear through the eustachian tube connects it That With the back of the nose. When you yawn and hear a noise in the ear, the tube has sent a small bubble of air to equalize pressure.
Blocking the eustachian tube During a cold, allergy, or infection of the upper airway and the Presence of bacteria or viruses lead to the accumulation of fluid (a collection of pus and mucus) behind the eardrum. This is the infection any acute otitis media. The accumulation of pus under pressure in the middle ear causes pain, swelling and redness. Since the eardrum can not vibrate properly, hearing May diminish.
Sometimes the eardrum ruptures, and pus from the ear, but more Commonly, the pus and mucus Remain in the ear due to inflammation of the Eustachian tube.
In many cases, When You have passed the infection of the middle ear effusion and Becomes Remains chronic, lasting weeks, months or years. This form is called middle ear effusion or serous otitis media. This condition Facilitates and frequent recurrence of acute infection and May cause difficulty in hearing.
During the exam, the doctor will use an otoscope to assess it the ear. WITH THIS, will look for redness or fluid behind the eardrum. With gentle air pressure, check if the membrane moves. If it does not move or network is probably an infection.
You can perform other tests. For example:
In babies and infants observe:
In children, adolescents and adults look for:
Remember, without proper treatment, an ear infection can cause chronic or permanent loss of hearing.
The Doctor May prescribe one or more drugs. It is important to take them as directed and submitted for subsequent medical appointments. In many cases, antibiotics to fight the infection Quickly remove pain; infection but needs more time to heal. THEREFORE it is important to take the drug all the time Indicated. That Other medications your Doctor May prescribe include an antihistamine (for allergies), decongestants (especially for colds).
Sometimes the Doctor you prescribe medicine to reduce fever or pain. The analgesic ear drops can pain relief. Call your physician if you have questions about the recipes or if symptoms do not clear.
Most of the time, otitis media clears up with proper medication and treatment at home. However, in many cases your Doctor May recommend further treatment. May I recommend an operation called myringotomy Consisting of a small incision in the eardrum to drain the fluid and the pain relief. This incision heals Within a few Days with Practically no scarring or injury to the membrane. The opening can heal so fast That closes before the infection or the liquid is gone. You can place a ventilation tube in the incision, fluid accumulation and preventative Malthus Improving hearing. The surgeon selects a ventilation tube That will stay long enough for the infection of the middle ear and Eustachian tube normalize-several weeks or months. During That Time You have to protect ears from water can cause an porque infection. , Moreover, the tube causes no problems and improved hearing and a decrease in ear infections will be noticeable.
Otitis media may recur as a result of chronically infected adenoids or tonsils. If this is the case your Doctor May recommend removal of one or Both to do while the vent pipe is placed.
The May Also need allergy treatment.
Otitis media is not serious if Generally Treated Correctly and promptly. With the help of your physician or your child you can feel and hear better. Follow the treatment plan and visit your physician until I tell you That your condition is fully healed.
Reprinted from www.entnet.org/content/patient-health with permission of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, copyright © 2016. All rights reserved